Delegates to General Congregation 36 Begin Four Days of Murmuratio to Prepare for Election of New Superior General

By Tracey Primrose

October 10, 2016 — Today, the 215 Jesuits who are attending General Congregation 36 at the Jesuit headquarters in Rome begin a centuries-old practice called the murmuratio. Four days of one-on-one conversation and information gathering, the murmuratio is designed to prepare the delegation for the election this coming Friday, October 14, of their new superior general, the Jesuit who will lead the largest order of priests and brothers in the Roman Catholic Church. On October 3, the Jesuits’ most recent superior general, Father Adolfo Nicolás, 80, resigned after eight years of service.


Jesuits during the murmuratio at General Congregation 35 in 2008.

The murmuratio practice was established by St. Ignatius of Loyola, who, with his companions, founded the Society of Jesus in 1540. In the Jesuit Constitutions, St. Ignatius, the Jesuits’ first superior general, instructed his men to use the period of four days to “seek enlightenment from those able to give good information” about “who from the whole Society could be most suitable” for the office of superior general.

Importantly, any campaigning or politicking is strictly forbidden, and any congregation member aware of someone seeking the office of superior general, directly or indirectly, is required to report that information.

Father John O’Malley, SJ, a historian and University Professor at Georgetown University, was a delegate to General Congregation 33 in 1983, when Fr. Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, SJ, was elected superior general. He said he was skeptical of the murmuratio at first, but by the time it was over, he was a believer.


Fr. John O'Malley, SJ, a historian and professor, attended the Jesuits' General Congregation 33.

“You have to realize that the field for a possible general is limited pretty fast. Ideally, a general speaks at least three languages, has to be of a certain age, in good health, have some administrative experience in the Society, have been successful at it, and, ideally has some international experience. So, you put all those things together, and the pool gets very small, very fast.

“At GC 33, we were considering four or five names, and during the murmuratio, we were talking with people who knew the people, which was very helpful. I said to myself, ‘It’s going to be Kolvenbach, and it will be on the first ballot.’ And that’s exactly what happened. It was almost unanimous. You get it down pretty fast.”


Delegates at GC 33 in 1983, where Fr. Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, SJ, was elected superior general on the first ballot.

The 215 Jesuits elected or appointed to attend General Congregation 36 represent 66 countries. While some may know each other previously, the vast majority of the attendees to the congregation are meeting for the very first time. The four days of murmuratio provide time for Jesuits to get to know one another, while sharing and seeking information about possible candidates for the order’s highest office.


Jesuit delegates at GC 36; many are meeting for the first time at the gathering.

Fr. O’Malley said the system works because “you have good people there, they obey the rules, they’re honest, and they’re straightforward and kind at the same time. People don’t believe this, but there really is no politicking, and if you’re suspected of that, that’s the end of you.”

On Friday, after four days of “murmuring,” the electors to General Congregation 36 will head to the Aula (Latin for hall) at the Jesuit Curia in Rome, just blocks from the Vatican, to elect the 31st superior general in the Society’s 476-year history. 


Jesuits gather in the Aula at GC 36.





Recent News

July 11, 2019 — This year, the Manresa Spiritual Center is celebrating its 70th anniversary. Many things have changed since the first laymen retreats in Toronto in 1925 and the foundation of Manresa in 1949, including the addition of retreats for women and for members of Alcoholics Anonymous.

July 9, 2019 — This second part of the Praying With the Preferences series focuses on the first two Apostolic Preferences: showing the way to God through the Spiritual Exercises and discernment; as well as walking with the poor and the outcasts of this world.

July 9, 2019 — On July 31, we will celebrate two special masses in honor of the Feast of Saint Ignatius, founder of the Society of Jesus.

July 8, 2019 — The Jesuit Forum for Social Faith and Justice is very pleased to welcome two new, full-time staff members: Mark Hathaway as Associate Director and Victoria Blanco as Office and Program Manager.

July 1, 2019 — The Jesuits in Honduras are denouncing the Honduran government’s repression of protests over the past two months.

June 28, 2019 — This week is the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. This feast, whose origins date back to the XVIIth century, gives us the opportunity to meditate on how Jesus expressed his love. It was also an occasion for the Jesuits of Canada to consecrate their Toronto offices on June 25.  

June 28, 2019 — Last week, Pope Francis reiterated the importance of inclusion in the world of education, using the Fe y Alegría model as an example. This exhortation is a recurring theme in the Pope's speeches and is in line with a call for renewal in education which dates back to 1965.

view all news

Search news

Publications

Campion's Brag

Relations Mai 2019

Canadian Jesuits



Centre de spiritualité Manrèse

Prenant appui sur l’importance qu’Ignace accordait à son expérience personnelle de ...